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ÆRILYS: Straits Cartel Passes Protocols Amid Criticism
09-11-2017, 12:05 AM (This post was last modified: 09-11-2017 02:34 PM by El Jeffe.)
Post: #1
ÆRILYS: Straits Cartel Passes Protocols Amid Criticism
ÆRILYS
SINCE 6818
THURSDAY, APRIL 12, 7579
1/20 STJARLING STANDARVÆDI

Straits Cartel Passes Protocols Amid Criticism

GADALHEM - In a five to two vote, the Straits Cartel passed new protocols to address attempts to undermine the Treaty of Ærilar. The controversial vote led to the withdraw of Anisora as widely anticipated. However, it also led to the surprise withdrawal of Auresia.

The protocols added new language that would make it difficult for the Anisorans to continue circumventing the straits through their Flag of Convenience Policy. Instead, the protocols move to use a system similar to the Anisoran policy itself to aid in the collection of the tariff.

Furthermore, the protocols call for the establishment of an auditory council drawn from member states to create an inspection regime to ensure compliance with the Treaty of Ærilar and provide a means of mutual aid in enforcement. Despite reports to the contrary, the inspection regime does not create a supranational military force of any kind and Cartel members will continue to patrol and enforce their own straits.

It is believed that this inspection regime and language stating the members sovereign right to enforce the integrity of their own straits is what made Auresia decide to withdraw from the cartel. However, the Auresian delegation offered no resistance when it was proposed. It was only when they voted against the new protocols that Auresian officials echoed the Anisoran concerns about sovereignty and perceived militarization of the cartel. This surprise move was seen as a grave slight to the Aedelish delegation and has led to speculation that Auresia is hiding more nefarious motives.

The liberal Anisoran government came to power on an anti-protectionist platform built around opposition to the Cartel and their insistence on free-trade remains at the heart this opposition. It is a concept that the Aedelish Lord Foreign Secretary Vilhelm av Hólarung has dismissed as a "foolish" and "misguided" theory that is "entirely incongruent with the notion of empire."

It is this fundamentally different economic worldview that has divided the Anarian powers. Liberal Anisorans argue that free trade will lead to prosperity and equality. However, Aedelish conservative theorists argue that free trade is short sighted and its policies sacrifice national economic security for cheap prices.

According the the Aulë School of Economic Theory, free trade policies remove all benefit from colonial endeavors. Under free trade, the colonial power subsidizes its colony, militarily and administratively, while allowing the economic benefits of this investment to be snatched up by trading interests. It is these trading interests, unbound to nation and its people, who benefit most from free trade. Aulë Economics Professor Eiður av Smáring characterizes free trade ideas about equality and unrestricted access as "dangerous". If these free trade advocates are allowed to pursue their agenda, Professor Smáring argues a nation's colonies will be freed to pursue their own economic equality and eventually demand to be opened to foreign development. Professor Smáring warns, "this is how revolutions are seeded and empires die."

In the past, Anisora's liberals have vilified the Auresians as a repressive oligarchy. Free trade advocates in Anisora have apparently now won over adherents among the Auresian elite providing a new common ground for the once contentious Medio allies. Auresia has a long history of limited free trade policies. For years Auresia has opened certain industries to foreign interests and, since 7421, the Sørtarnland Company has had exclusive access to Auresian colonies. However, it is being suggested that Auresia has abandoned its former limited free trade stance for a more aggressive policy modelled after that of Anisora. Following Auresia's break with the Cartel, the relationship between the two central Anarian nations has warmed considerably.

Gadalhem has not only revealed vastly different economic world views but it has also raised questions about the nature of international law in Anaria. While there was little discussion of arbitration at the conference, Anisora has since criticized that the protocols do not prescribe a framework of international arbitration - perhaps some form of cartel court or tribunal.

The Lord Foreign Secretary dismissed the suggestion of international arbitration as "contrary to the Aedelish understanding of sovereignty". According to the Lord Secretary, Aedeland will not submit to any supranational court and finds the suggestion by Anisora, in light of their alleged deep concerns over sovereignty, to be hypocritical.

The issue of arbitration reveals a fundamental difference between the Anisoran and Aedelish systems of government. In the Aedelish constitutional system, a treaty, once ratified by the Althing, carries the force of law. As such, the government is bound to the treaty as it would be bound to Aedelish law and the Aedelish High Court issue rulings on the treaty as it would any other Aedelish law. In Anisora, however, a treaty is above national law and therefore beyond the purview of the Anisoran High Courts. This explains why the Aedelish see an arbitration framework as an unacceptable intrusion into national soveriegnty and the Anisorans do not.

By losing the Aurasian straits, the Cartel has lost its ability to control shipping from the Medio to the Settant Sea and the Shangti. As a result, the cartel no longer can aspire to control all shipping routes into Anaria. This is a development welcomed by the government of Vittmark and Queen Anna av Kulla personally thanked Auresia and Annisora for their support.

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