Lusavan

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Lusavan
Լուսևան
Historical land
[[Image:{{{picture}}}|230px]]
Flag of Lusavan
Flag of Lusavan
Kingdom of Lusavan
The Kingdom of Lusavan under Ruben XIX in 7050
Languages Lusavanic, Tavonian, Heyelrem dialects, Anisoran
Religion Izha (minority Orkanan)
Demonym Lusavan/Lusavanic
Capital Tenavelan
Government Kingdom (5946-7391)
Grand Principality (7375-present)
Kings of Lusavan
   ▪   5946 - 5983
   ▪   7375 - 7391
Grand Princes of Lusava
   ▪   7375 - 7384
   ▪   7553 - present

Karen I (first)
Ruben XXIII (last)

Marius I (first)
Marius III (current)
Historical events
Collapse of the Parnethian Empire
Kingdom of Lusavan established
Mandrin War
First Lusavan Civil War
War of the Lusavanic Succession
The Great Holy War
Casellan-Lusavanic War
Second Lusavanic Civil War
Anisoro-Lusavanic War
Treaty of Loraveno
Grand Principality of Lusava created
Kingdom of Lusavan abolished
Gevorgyan Revolt
Tavonian independence
5865
5946
6073-6077
6160-6163
6629-6633
6810-6843
7123-7128
7230-7231
7372-7375
7375
7375
7391
7473
7552
Preceded by:
Succceded by:
Today part of:
This article is about the historic region of Lusavan. For other uses, see Lusavan (disambiguation).

Lusavan or Lusava (Lusavanic: Լուսևան; Lusavan; Parnethian: Λυσσαβία; Lussavia; Pastanan: Lusavium) is a geopolitical, cultural and historical region and former kingdom in Anaria Minor. In a historical context, Lusavan refers to the lands ruled by the Kings of Lusavan, and therefore largely conforms to the historic borders of the Kingdom of Lusavan. However, in a broader cultural sense it can also refer to all lands currently and historically inhabited by the Lusavanic people, or those lands in which Lusavanic is or was spoken. Today, most of Lusavan remains under de jure or de facto Anisoran control.

While specific geographic definitions of Lusavan remain varied, Lusavan is a region centred in the Makur Valley, particularly the south side of the River Makur in central Anaria Minor. Bound in the west by the Greater Bhazen and Garda Mountains, in the south by the Levan Mountains, and in the east by the Matrignanese hills, Lusavan occupies much of central Anaria Minor. The two largest lakes in Anaria, Lake Karamon and Lake Parrona, are situated in the historic Lusavan region, although today they mark the northern border with Anisoran speaking majorities. Lusavan is renowned for its natural beauty, its mountains and the lush Makur river valley.

The historic land of Lusavan emerged as a collection of feudal territories in the late 5th millenium before being conquered by the Parnethian Empire under Vissarion Nikitis in the 5300s. Forming a core region of the Empire for many centuries due to its commercial and strategic position along the Makur Valley, the collapse of Parnethia in 5865 led to the establishment of the Kingdom of Lusavan in 5946 under Karen I. Converting to Izha in the 6300s, the Kingdom became a major battle ground between the Izhaic west and the Orkanan east during the 7th millenium. The Great Holy War (6810-6843) was a defining moment in the religious struggles and resulted in Izhaic forces pushing east, securing Lusavan as an Izhaic kingdom. Emerging Anisoran nationalism would bring Lusavanic control over eastern Anaria Minor to an end, with the Anisoro-Lusavanic War (7372-7375) precipitating the eventual abolishment of the Izhaic Kingdom of Lusavan in 7391 and the establishment of the Grand Principality of Lusava, which remains part of the Anisoran Empire today.

Largely under the control of Orkanan Anisorans for the last two centuries, Lusavanic nationalism has remained an enduring and increasingly potent force in Lusavan. Ethno-religious tensions remain common throughout Lusavan, with sectarian violence common. After the Pan-Anarian War, answering pressures for an independent Lusavanic state, Anisora granted independence to Tavonia as a protectorate. However, many Lusavanic nationalists consider this a cynical Anisoran ploy to prevent an independent pan-Lusavanic state emerging. The ethno-religious Pan-Lusavism ideology that strives for a united and fully independent Lusavan remains a potent force today.

Contents

Etymology

The name Lusavan (Լուսևան) came to describe the Lusavanic people of central Anaria Minor, and the lands in which they lived, as early as the 5th millennium. Coming from the Old Lusavanic root word լուսաւոր (lusawor), meaning star, or more figuratively prophet or bringer of light, as well as the adjectival forms meaning luminous or bright, the region has long been associated with stars and light. The root survives with the same meaning into modern Lusavanic as the adjective լուսավոր (lusavor).

The Old Lusavanic epic poem Struggle of the Stars (Old Lusavanic: կռիւ լուսաւորաց; Kṙiw Lusaworacʿ)1 is generally agreed to have had a major influence on the origins of the name and the traditional assimilation between the Lusavanic people and the stars, with some scholars, most notably the famed Lusavanic scholar R. Hayk Petrosyan, arguing that the epic directly inspired the people to begin calling themselves the “People of the Stars”, or "Luminaries" – Petrosyan's favoured translation (Pastanan: Illustres).a

History

Geography

Culture

Main article: Lusavanic culture

Religion

Lusavanic nationalism

Since the annexation of Lusavan and the creation of the Grand Principality in 7375, the Lusavanic population has had a strong sense of national identity. As a distinct ethnic group defined mostly by speaking the Lusavanic language and adherence to the Norynan sect of Izha, the Lusavanic people have a strong tradition of nationalism. Although nationalist sentiment has always been present, for much of the 75th century calls for national recognition and independence were actively suppressed by the Anisoran imperial government, and the government of the Grand Principality itself. Anisoran oppression, as well as religiously motivated atrocities against the Izhaic population of Lusava, fuelled nationalist anger which precipitated agitation, strikes, and terrorist attacks across Lusava.

The repressive and anti-Izhaic policies of the Anisoran prime minister the Count of Andagna during the 7460s and 7470s, in particular, contributed to Lusavanic nationalist uprisings during the Revolutions of 7473. The largest uprising during the Revolutions was led by the Lusavanic nationalist Vardan Gevorgyan, whose religio-nationalist uprising against Anisoran rule, the so-called 'Gevorgyan Revolt', which called for independence and the end of religious persecution against Izhaics, is still remembered in Lusava today, with many nationalists considering Gevorgyan a national hero and martyr. After the Revolution was put down, reforms were introduced that granted Lusava a constitution, considerable autonomy within the Empire, and protections for the Izhaic population.

Nationalist sentiment increased during the Pan-Anarian War, particularly during the the 7510s and 7520s when Emperor Flavian's military government severely restricted freedoms and suspended the constitution for an extended period of time (as he had done across the Empire, irrespective of the state). Nationalist leaders during that time rallied under hatred for the Anisoran emperor, who was also their head of state as Grand Prince of Lusava, and called for agitation against the war effort. This polarised opinion within Lusava, with many more moderate nationalists claiming that fighting the War was necessary for upholding Lusavanic national pride and ensuring her lands were not overrun. The oil fields in the north of Lusava were a major target for Tahani and United League forces for much of the War. Some nationalists at the time, however, encouraged the advance of the Tahani armies to liberate them from Anisoran tyranny. As fellow Izhaics, many ultra-nationalists, such as Nayek Verdyan, saw the Tahani as natural allies against the Orkanan Anisorans. However, these calls were condemned in a vicious but highly successful propaganda campaign orchestrated by the Anisoran government, which portrayed the Tahani as savages, and highlighted the key differences between the Norynan Izhaic sect the vast majority of Lusavans followed, and the more orthodox Kökenleri sect followed by many Tahani.

In the Grand Principality of Lusava today nationalist sentiment is mostly expressed through protests and parliamentary politics. The Lusavan National Party (LAK) (Lusavanic: Լուսևանյան Ազգային կուսակցություն; Lusavan Azgayin Kusakts’ut’yun) is the largest nationalist party in Lusava, and remains one of the two largest parties in the National Parliament. The Party actively calls for independence from the Anisoran Empire. The LAK remains controversial, however, as they have been suspected of supporting terrorist activity, including most famously an attack on a Moreva Petroleum Corporation oilfield in 7577, which resulted in numerous deaths. The Party is banned from standing in the federal elections, meaning they cannot field candidates for election to the Anisoran Chamber of Deputies.

The Lusavan League (LL) is the largest political party in Lusava, which can stand in federal elections, and remains a more moderate party, supporting certain nationalist policies nevertheless. These policies include civilian oversight of the Lusavanic military,2 further protections for the Izhaic faith, and Lusavanic state control of oil reserves, among other policies. The LL normally receives the vast majority of votes of Lusavans during federal elections, have traditionally remained a significant block in the Chamber of Deputies, and remain the most dominant and powerful Lusavanic voice in the Anisoran imperial parliament.

Tavonian independence

Vazgen Palyunyan emerged as the leading figure in the push for Tavonian independence, and would eventually become the first Prime Minister of Tavonia.
See also: Tavonia § Independence

During the Pan-Anarian War, Lusavanic nationalism went through various phases. However, by the end of the War in 7552, there were clear and unambigious calls for an independent Izhaic Lusavanic state. With sectarian and nationalist violence and mutinies rocking Anisora after peace was declared, the Anisoran government granted independence to what is now the Principality of Tavonia, in western Lusavan at the terminus of the Makur Valley. According to the terms of the Treaty of Asola, Tavonia remains a protectorate of the Anisoran Empire, with Pena controlling the state's foreign policy, while all internal affairs are governed by Carmon.

Controversially, the state's ruler, Prince Andrew, is an Orkanan, despite the Izhaic majority he rules. This is a continuing source of anger for many Lusavanic and Tavonian religio-nationalists that want to see an Izhaic head of state.

Pan-Lusavism

Pan-Lusavism is an ethno-religious and nationalist ideology and political movement that seeks to promote and further the creation of a fully independent and united Lusavanic state. With strong religious Izhaic roots, the ideology and movement considers an Izhaic Lusavan to be a coherent and indivisible entity, with reunification being prevented by the Orkanan Anisoran Empire. Pan-Lusavists have been heavily involved in numerous terrorist actions and anti-Anisoran agitation movements inside the Anisoran Empire, with promotion and furtherance of sectarian violence common among the ultra-nationalist wing of the movement.

The limited form of independence granted to Tavonia, with the Grand Principality of Lusava remaining in place, albeit with diminished territory, has led a great many Lusavanic nationalists to decry the creation of the Tavonian state. Many Pan-Lusavists consider the Anisoran move to grant a limited form of independence to only part of Lusavan a cynical ploy to create division between the Lusavanic people and solidify their control over the oil-rich Moreva region in the Grand Principality of Lusava.

Political nationalism in Tavonia is largely separated into two forms. The first, exemplified by the ruling National Unity Party (Ազգային Միաբանություն; Azgayin Miabanutyun), is a Pan-Lusavanic ideology with strong conservative Izhaic values. The second, exemplified by the Congress of Tavonia Party (Կոնգրես Տավարատի; Congres Tavarati), and is a largely socialist nationalism that seeks to cultivate a 'Tavonian' nationalism, where Tavonian citizens, regardless of ethnicity, language or religion, can find common cause. This attempt to cross the ethnic, religious and linguistic divides of the country remains abhorrent to the Pan-Lusavists and ultra-nationalists that demand a united, Izhaic Lusavan.

See also

Anisora  Anisora portal
Anaria  Anaria portal

Notes

1 Today only fragments of the original epic survive. Scholars have estimated that the epic in full would have contained over 9,000 lines, with only 2,778 surviving today, mostly through citation by other ancient authors (most notably Pastanan chroniclers), as well as a small number of inscriptions found in recent archaeological digs in and around the ancient capital of Tanavan. For further detail, R. Hayk Petrosyan's 7510 commentary (in Pastanan) is considered the most comprehensive scholarly work on the Epic.a

2 According to the Constitution of the Grand Principality of Lusava and Vascano, the Grand Prince is commander-in-chief of the military. During the Pan-Anarian War major efforts to integrate the armies of the Anisoran Empire resulted in significantly reduced direct Lusavanic influence and control over her armies.

References

a Petrosyan, R.H. (7510) Commentarius: Certamen Stellarum, Tenalevan. (Hallish: The Struggle of the Stars: A Commentary); also available in Lusavanic with Armen Mirak's acclaimed 7573 translation.

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